Gum disease (sometimes known as periodontal disease) is a common oral condition, caused by a buildup of plaque on and around the teeth. This accumulation affects both the gums and supporting structures of the teeth and can lead to an array of oral problems.
Don't lose hope, however – gum disease is easily treatable if discovered early. Read on to find out more about gum disease, and how it can be overcome.
What are the signs of gum disease?
Bleeding when brushing or flossing your teeth, or red/swollen gums are two of the biggest telltale signs of gum disease. The first stage of gum disease is known as gingivitis, which is also the most common.
Should gingivitis be left untreated, it can lead to periodontitis, which is a more severe form of gum disease. Symptoms of periodontitis include halitosis (bad breath), pus between the teeth, and tender gums. Additionally, periodontitis is tougher to treat than gingivitis, so it pays not to let the condition develop this far.
What problems can gum disease cause?
If periodontitis is left untreated, you're putting yourself at a greater risk of the following complications:
- Loss of teeth
- Damage to the alveolar bone (the jawbone that contains the sockets of the teeth)
- Heart disease and strokes – scientists believe that inflammation caused by periodontitis increases the risk of these medical conditions.
How can you treat gum disease?
The easiest way to prevent and treat gum disease is to practice a good level of dental hygiene. Aside from brushing thoroughly for two minutes twice a day you should also floss regularly.
If you think the problem is too severe to be dealt with by yourself, be sure to contact City Dentists to discover whether professional gum disease treatment is required.
A City Dentist hygienist will check the gums for any signs of gingivitis or periodontal disease. Any plaque that has accumulated around the gums will be removed, along with any residual surface staining from the teeth.
We will then work closely with you to show you the most effective ways to keep your teeth and gums as clean and healthy as possible. This will help to keep gum disease at bay, so you can enjoy a healthy smile at all times.
If you're concerned about a potential oral condition, contact the expert team at City Dentists today – we're dedicated to providing the best treatments for an extensive range of oral issues to the people of Wellington.