There is evidence of a relationship between diabetes and gum disease (infection of the gums and bone surrounding your teeth). Gum infections can make your blood glucose levels harder to manage. Studies have shown that even people with controlled diabetes have more gingivitis (inflammation of the gums).
Diabetics may experience lower resistance to infection, and also delayed wound healing after periodontal treatment.
There are two forms of gum disease that can develop:
Gingivitis – a reversible form of gum disease that presents as inflammation – red, swollen bleeding gums, caused by the presence of plaque bacteria.
Periodontitis – a destructive, and irreversible, form of gum disease that can develop if gingivitis is left untreated, that presents with gum and bone loss around the teeth, caused by the body’s response to the bacteria.
It is therefore important if you have diabetes, to take extra care with your oral health.
Here are 6 ways to manage your oral health if you suffer from Diabetes:
- Monitor and manage your blood glucose levels
- Make healthy food choices
- Smoking can worsen oral problems so try to quit smoking – we can help you with this, providing support and Nicotine Replacement Therapy
- Brush and clean in between your teeth to prevent plaque build upon your teeth
- Check your mouth regularly for any symptoms of concerns like bleeding gums, dryness, soreness, white patches, or bad taste in the mouth
- Visit your dentist and dental hygienist regularly