Everything you need to know about tooth enamel

Enamel is key to our oral health.

Tooth enamel is the hardest substance in the human body. 

We often take the thin, hard layer of enamel on our teeth for granted, but it's the foundation of our oral health. Today on the blog we're going to take a closer look at how awesome tooth enamel is, and what you can do to protect it!

Enamel is the most mineralised substance in our bodies.

What is enamel?

We all know our teeth are made from enamel – but what exactly is it? 

Enamel is the most mineralised substance in our bodies, which is why it's so tough. It covers the outer layer of our teeth and protects the inner layers from damage. As tooth enamel does not contain living cells, once it gets destroyed your body can't replace it, as it does with bones or skin. 

How is enamel damaged?

The enamel on your teeth can be eroded by soft drink, sugary foods, a dry mouth or wear and tear.

Despite being incredibly tough, enamel is susceptible to the harmful acids produced when the bacteria in our mouths come into contact with sugar. Prolonged exposure to these acids can cause enamel to wear down and eventually you will get cavities. 

Playing sports or suffering accidents can also cause chips or breaks, as enamel is brittle and can be snapped. Luckily, dental technology means chipped or broken teeth can now be replaced with crowns or implants.

Certain beverages, such as red wine and coffee, can stain enamel and lead to your teeth yellowing. Regular cleaning can help remove stains from your teeth, but you may need to seek a professional whitening treatment to remove the stains from your enamel and return your teeth to their natural colour. 

Good oral hygiene habits and regular trips to the dentist can help keep your tooth enamel in good condition. Good oral hygiene habits and regular trips to the dentist can help keep your tooth enamel in good condition.

Can enamel be repaired? 

Protecting your tooth enamel by steering clear of sugary foods and drink is better than trying to repair the damage once it's done, but good oral care can also help to protect your teeth. Be sure to brush with a fluoridated toothpaste twice a day – fluoride remineralises your teeth, counteracting any damage they may have been exposed to while you were eating. 

Staying on top of your dental check ups can help to keep your enamel healthy and your smile bright! Make sure you get in touch if you haven't been to see us within the last year.